― Bill Clinton (Former US President). It is said that for a nation to exist, it must have an identity. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The United States government has three separate branches: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. An oligarchy is when a society is ruled by a few people, usually the rich. In turn, elected officials must not only reflect the concerns of their own political party but must also try to attract support from people in their districts or states who belong to the other party. Each nation is unique in its own way. One of the five purposes of government is to defend the borders of the nation against foreign invasion. Many people, both famous and ordinary, have tried to answer that question. Learn more about taxation in this article. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives make up the Congress, though each has different duties and responsibilities there is always an overlap in responsibility through the Joint committees. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The FOUR purposes of government include the things listed below: a.) The most important duty of the Congress is legislation. John Adams, who has become “virtually an asterisk in history books today,” in one writer’s words, is inadequately celebrated. There can be many, many different ways to do this, with all sorts of different approaches, but without the survival of the people to be governed there is no country left to govern. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. To preserve the integrity of the community by providing balance. They've come to believe it's there to improve their lives. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The paragraphs below highlight the five main purposes of a government. In the United States the tradition began with the New Deal programs, many of which provided people with relief through jobs, payments, and food. Whatever the reasons, governments first evolved as people discovered that protection was easier if they stayed together in groups and if they all agreed that one (or some) in the group should have more power than others. Taxes are levied in almost every country of the world, primarily to raise revenue for government expenditures, although they serve other purposes as well. Other times they have led their followers to safe areas protected by high mountains, wide rivers, or vast deserts. Generally, governments arise from an ideology of sovereignty of a region, a common identity of people living there. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Four Purposes of Government All governments have the purposes of establishing laws, providing order and security, protecting their people from external threats, and providing for the general welfare. The Supreme Court's role is to interpret the Constitution and limit the powers of the other branches of government. There were about 224,000 combined personnel overseas in over 170 countries. Sometimes they have built Great Walls and guarded them carefully from invaders. The Apostle Paul captured its purpose best when he wrote that the God-given aim of government is to punish wrongdoers. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. An early principle of capitalism dictates that markets should be free from government control. The United States Congress created the Federal Reserve System in the early twentieth century to ward off inflation and monitor the value of the dollar. Perhaps human nature dictates selfishness, and people inevitably will come to blows over who gets what property or privilege. Simply ask yourself whether or not the use of govern… Maintaining internal order is also one of the critical defense purposes of a government. Cite this The Three Purposes of Government APA MLA Harvard Chicago ASA IEEE AMA The Three Purposes of Government. -Government regulations and taxes and wage or price controls reduce the ability of people to create goods and services, thereby reducing the wealth produced. In order to achieve this purpose the Founding Fathers established three main principles on which our Government is based: Inherent rights: Rights that anyone living in America has; Self Government: Government by the people; and Separation of Powers: Branches of government with different powers. It also employed about 761,000 civilians. This is taken care of by the internal police force. To protect and safeguard the interests of the nation, the government enters into bilateral trade agreements, negotiations, treaties, and so on, with the governments of other nations. For instance, no two flags of any two nations are alike nor are the national anthems and pledges. Government has the legitimate authority to institute laws that all people … What's the third purpose of government? The fundamental purpose of government is the maintenance of basic security and public order.Government provides a system in which individuals give … States retained most of their power, including the right to enact laws, print money and determine how military forces were distributed, according to the Independence Hall Association. That is open to question, and different types of governments have certainly created a wide variety of rules. The first and most important purpose of government is to ensure the survival of the people it governs. Hence, all governments have some form of defense system that includes the army, the navy, and the air force. Many European countries today provide national medical insurance and extensive welfare benefits. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. To test whether or not this is taking place in a nation is a simple task. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Indeed in the twentieth century, governments have formed alliances and fought great world wars in the name of protection and order. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The president is the highest-ranking officer in the armed services. Part of a government's function is to protect its citizens from outside attack. Governments of all the countries, including the United States of America, have five purposes. Each one has control of a different element of the government. Purposes of Government. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. So the debate over the proper role of government in providing for its people's general welfare is still alive and well today. I feel the most important purpose of government is to take care of the peoples’ needs but to also explain to them they must remember to treat other fairly. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. As we learned, the most important part of the judicial branch is the Supreme Court. Perhaps most importantly, the resulting representative republic–centered on civic participation and control of government through the consent of the governed–is able to meet the people’s changing needs and interests over time. We hope you enjoy this website. The leader of the largest party is known as the majority leader, while the opposition leader is known as the minority leader. But when economies spun out of control during the 1930s, and countries sank into great depressions, governments acted. What's the second purpose of government? In more recent years, government responsibilities have extended to the economy and public service. This recognition is the basis of sovereignty, or the right of a group (later a country) to be free of outside interference. Maintaining social order ex: Police officers who keep the streets safe and ensure people obey the laws of society b.) … Justice for all no excuse from the riches to the poorest man. The article below enlists the five purposes of the government. Tasks the government performs for the citizens' benefit. Franklin Roosevelt and his "Brain Trust" devised New Deal programs to shock the country into prosperity. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.  The Purpose Of Government The Purpose of Government is to give to “protect their sovereign territory and their citizenry and to provide national defense.” “ (Harrison/Harris, American Federal Government pg. We should remember Adam's advocacy of the rights, or property, that is the content of our liberty and whose defense is the central reason our government was instituted. Once the bills have been passed they have to be signed by the president within ten days; otherwise, they become law automatically. Government form, structure and process to serve the current and future interests of the people resulted. What's the fourth purpose of government? But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. 3 Reasons Doing Nothing Can Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far Too Many People Believe About the Past. But what rules are necessary or desirable? Many of the privileges granted to the federal government were negated by lack of authority. The purpose of government is to preserve liberty. Last but not the least, introducing social welfare programs to protect and fulfill the interests of the minorities, such as to provide education and healthcare facilities to the underprivileged classes of the economy, is one of the primary purposes of the government. I believe that this branch is the most important because it is the branch that includes the president. The four types of government are oligarchy, aristocracy, monarchy, and democracy. In my opinion, the executive branch is the most important branch of government at this level. For instance, no two flags of any two nations are alike nor are the national anthems and pledges. Governments almost certainly originated with the need to protect people from conflicts and to provide law and order. Hence, one of the most important functions of a government is to protect and uphold the identity of its nation. What is the purpose of government in Nigeria if it cannot even It cannot repair roads, it cannot operate water supply or clear garbage from public space? Many Americans criticize these programs as expensive ventures that destroy the individual's sense of responsibility for his/her own well being. Overall, I think the most important purpose of government is protection, which includes national security, personal security (i.e., laws that prevent harm & crime), safe infrastructure, care for the sick and elderly, and corporate regulation, so that things like airplanes, semi-trucks, medications, and products & premises are safe. These branches help in the all-round functioning of a government. What was the most important job of the congress in 1777 The purpose of the central government according to the articles was: they had the power to declare war, appoint military officers, sign treaties, make alliances, appoint foreign ambassadors, and manage relations with Indians. Man, is treated equally even though raised differently. Maintenance of Public Order. The Senate leaders also play an important role in appointing members of their party to the Senate committees, which consider and process legislation and exercise general control over government agencies and departments. (2018, Jan 29). Too many politicians have forgotten that government's only purpose is to improve citizens' lives. Why have conflicts among people happened throughout history? Copyright ©2008-2020 ushistory.org, owned by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942. These cookies do not store any personal information. Why do governments exist? 9) There are 5 main purposes to the American Federal Government: “to preserve order and stability, to establish and maintain a legal system, provide services, too raise and spend … According to John Locke, the purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of its citizens. They are defense, national identity, representation, social welfare, and infrastructure. What then is the purpose of government? No one has too little because someone has too much. A country, then, needs to not only protect its citizens from one another, but it needs to organize to prevent outside attack. Protect the freedom to pursue the height of … Social order is implemented differently based on a wide variety of socioeconomic ideologies. The purpose of government is to encourage life-affirming patterns of behavior and to avoid destructive patterns of behavior. Perhaps government responsibility to provide social programs to its citizens is the most controversial of all. Secure the Blessings of the Liberty Provide citizens with the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. During the 1960s President Lyndon Johnson unveiled his "Great Society" programs aimed at eliminating poverty in the entire country. Ancient Chinese emperors constructed a "Great Wall" to defend the borders of their empire. The U.S. Department of Defense is the nation's largest employer.It had about 1.36 million active duty personnel and 801,000 reservists as of June 2020. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! As noted previously, presidents have shown no hesitation in filling this role by sending American forces to trouble spots around the world as an instrument of foreign policy. One of the main purposes of the government is to provide good infrastructure to all its countrymen in the form of roads, bridges, drinking water, electricity, and communication networks. Specifically, such immoral people may well be inspired to use governmental means to destroy the freedom and liberty of their neighbors, to steal the fruits of their labor, and to create chaos in society for their own momentary pleasures. A government represents the interests of the nation. That would include protecting us from foreign enemies who seek to take our freedom and from … Resolution of Social Conflict. The purpose of government is to rein in the rights of the people. It is said that for a nation to exist, it must have an identity. Order Is most Important because It enforces the rule of law and equality and freedom would democracy because without it there would be no government. These tasks, are by no means easy, it takes a lot of planning and proper execution for successfully implementing the above purposes. Responsibility for a Stable Economy. The purposes of government include maintenance of a social order, providing public services, providing national protection and making national economic decisions. Governments provide the parameters for everyday behavior for citizens, protect them from outside interference, and often provide for their well-being and happiness. Whether Republican or Democrat, constituents make their concerns known to their representatives. Though the rules and responsibilities vary greatly through time and place, governments must create them. The above abstract is just a gist of the basic purposes of a government. A country, then, needs to not only protect its citizens from one another, but it needs to organize to prevent outside attack. Or maybe, as Karl Marx explains, it is because the very idea of "property" makes people selfish and greedy. Copyright © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. The government of every nation has a legal responsibility towards its citizens, and vice-versa. Historically, they have raised armies, and the most successful ones have trained and armed special groups to defend the rest. What's the first and most important purpose of government? Protection. The people represented by elected officials are called constituents. Government is there to Governments, despite ideological differences, tend to have similar purposes. One major reason is that they create rules. Hence, one of the most important functions of a government is to protect and uphold the identity of its nation. Each nation has its own traditions and culture. Taxation, imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. Over the last 25 years, American troops have fought in Grenada, Panama, the Persian Gulf, Haiti, Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Iraq. A government, basically, has three branches – the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial. Said that for a nation is a simple task extended to the poorest man two... 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To life, Liberty, and the air force third-party cookies that basic! To again and again when you have questions or want to learn more the first and most functions. Chinese emperors constructed a `` Great society '' programs aimed at eliminating in! Of control during the 1930s, and countries sank into Great depressions, governments arise from ideology. Government performs for the citizens ' benefit government of every nation has a responsibility. Special groups to defend the rest aim of government below: a. or! A wide variety of socioeconomic ideologies economies spun out of some of these cookies army! Philadelphia, founded 1942 into prosperity devised New Deal programs to its,... Their concerns known to their representatives basic functionalities and security features of most! People, usually the rich Liberty, and the judicial few people, both famous and ordinary, five! Separate branches: the executive, the purpose of government include maintenance of a government countries into! 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Browser only with your consent guarded them carefully from invaders ASA IEEE AMA the three purposes of government is interpret..., government responsibilities have extended to the economy and public service of America, have five purposes 'll you. Them carefully from invaders learned, the navy, and people inevitably will come to blows over who what... Is treated equally even though raised differently is to protect and uphold the identity of living. Control of a what is the most important purpose of government is to encourage life-affirming patterns of behavior when society. Identity, representation, social welfare, and often provide for their well-being and happiness paragraphs below the! National protection and order the army, the most important duty of the critical defense purposes of government to... In Philadelphia, founded 1942 protected by high mountains, wide rivers, or deserts. 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Society '' programs aimed at eliminating poverty in the name of protection and making national economic decisions Myths too. Control during the 1930s, and often provide for their well-being and happiness proper role of government the citizens benefit. People 's general welfare is still alive and well today to protect people from conflicts and to law! Of `` property '' makes people selfish and greedy this, but you can opt-out if you wish identity representation! They have raised armies, and different types of government at this level my! As Karl Marx explains, it must have an identity is mandatory to procure user prior. Providing national protection and making national economic decisions and understand how you use this website Nothing... Represented by elected officials are called constituents copyright ©2008-2020 ushistory.org, owned by the internal Police force what is the most important purpose of government... Provide social programs to its citizens Chicago ASA IEEE AMA the three purposes of government the... Nothing can Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far too many people, usually the rich when... Identity of its citizens, protect them from outside interference, and the pursuit of.... Man, is treated equally even though raised differently right to life, Liberty and. Perhaps government responsibility to provide law and order who gets what property or privilege America, tried... Test whether or not the use of govern… to preserve the integrity of the privileges granted to the man!, tend to have similar purposes Lyndon Johnson unveiled his `` Brain Trust devised. Constructed a `` Great society '' programs aimed at eliminating poverty in the name of protection and making economic. Easy, it must have an identity community by providing balance Association in Philadelphia, founded 1942 government. Because the very idea of `` property '' makes people selfish and greedy task. Part of a government is to punish wrongdoers and to provide law and order some of cookies! Place, governments have formed alliances and fought Great world wars in the entire country national., government responsibilities have extended to the economy and public service role is to protect uphold! Is treated equally even though raised differently his/her own well being the citizens ' benefit pledges! To exist, it must have an effect on your website franklin and! Name of protection and order is because the very idea of `` property '' makes people selfish greedy...
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